PHI-105- 21st Century Skills: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving MODULE 2 DQ1 Do you believe the statement “perception is reality”? Why or why not?

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Do you believe the statement “perception is reality”? Why or why not?


There are two parts to this discussion response:

Part I: Critique the two presentations attached within this discussion question. What do you think is done well in each and what do you think could have been done better? Consider presentation best practices. Refer to the resource, “Creating Effective PowerPoint Presentations,” located in the Student Success Center. In addition, analyze if the content is well-organized, comprehensive, and informative.

Part 2: Go to the library and find one resource you plan on using for the Perception PowerPoint due at the end of Topic 2. At the bottom of your DQ response, please copy and paste the APA style reference to the article that you have found in the GCU library. Make sure to use this article as one of the resources for your PowerPoint Presentation.

The PPTs are attached below.


TOPIC: Perception Presentation

Assessment Description

Imagine you are an expert on critical thinking. You have been asked to give a presentation on the concepts of perception and critical thinking. Create a PowerPoint that contains the following:

  1. Eight slides (one title slide, six content slides, and one reference slide)
  2. How all five senses impact perception
  3. The role of perception in critical thinking
  4. Speaker notes that elaborate on the bulleted content on your slides
  5. Three resources (All credible and at least one is from the GCU library).

Title slide and reference slide are included in the slide count. Include speaker notes below each content-related slide that represent what would be said if giving the presentation in person. Expand upon the information included in the slide and do not simply restate it. Please ensure the speaker notes include a minimum of 50-100 words per slide.

While APA style is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected, and documentation of sources should be presented using APA formatting guidelines.

You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. 

Review the PowerPoint tutorial on the Microsoft website accessible ATTACHED.


TOPIC: Persuasive -: Brainstorming Worksheet

Assessment Description

Complete the Persuasive Assignment: Brainstorming Worksheet. (ATTACHED).


College of Liberal Arts

Name of Student

PHI105 – Critical Thinking


Name of Professor


Provide a definition of perception

Show how all five senses impact perception

Explain the role of perception in critical thinking

The purpose of this slide is to let the audience know what three main issues will be covered in this PowerPoint presentation. The picture is a cute representation of perception.


What is Perception?

Perception is the process by which we attach meaning to the world around us (Brignall, 2001)

A definition of perception is given here. The definition comes from the following source:

Brignall, M (2001) The Perception Process. Retrieved on November 10, 2011 from

During this slide I will also discuss the process of perception which consists of (1) selection, (2) organization and (3) interpretation. I will also lead into the next slide by pointing out that we select stimuli through our senses which can be viewed in the illustration.


Our Five Senses: Sight & Touch

Sight (visual stimuli)

Touch (sense of feel)

The next few slides will go over our five senses and how they help us perceive the world around us. I will also connect these senses with the first step of the perception process which is selection.

Our sense of sight is used very often. It is perhaps the most dominant sense for most people (Zamora, 2004). For example, while driving a car it is always important to know whether or not a traffic light is red or green.

Example of touch would be if you place your hand over a hot stove you would be able to feel the heat coming from it. Hopefully, this sensory stimuli will warn you not to touch the hot stove! J




Our Five Senses: Smell & Taste

While smell does not seem to be a strong sense in comparison to sight, touch and sound/hearing, it is actually very powerful because the smell of something can trigger memories (Van Ziil, 2008) and can sometimes warn us of approaching danger (like something burning).

Taste is also seen as a lessor sense, yet I doubt anyone would like to live without it. Think of all the great foods you enjoy eating. Without a sense of taste you would not be able to enjoy those foods.


Van Ziil, P. (2008) The Power of the Sense of Smell. Retrieved from Ezine Articles on November 10, 2011 from


Hearing (sense of sound)

Our Five Senses: Smell & Taste

Our final sense is hearing/sound. Next to sight, this is perhaps the second most commonly used sense to gather stimuli from the world around us. Music, birds chirping, police sirens, listening to others are all examples of sound.


Perception and Critical Thinking

How does perception affect critical thinking?




The three steps of perception as mentioned in slide #3 are (1) selection, (2) organization and (3) interpretation (Brignall, 2001).

We have discussed how our five senses influence the selection process. We select stimuli through our five senses. The critical thinking process then begins to affect perception in the next two stages. We organize the stimuli that we receive based on previous experiences and then we interpret the relevance, importance and urgency of that stimuli to our lives. Thus we “perceive” the importance of each stimuli that we receive by selecting it, organizing it based on previous experiences and then making an interpretation. This whole process can affect our critical thinking if we incorrectly interpret the stimuli



Brignall, M (2001) The Perception Process.

Retrieved on November 10, 2011 from

Van Ziil, P. (2008) The Power of the Sense of
Smell. Retrieved from Ezine Articles on
November 10, 2011 from //


Zamora, A. (2004) Anatomy and Structure of the Human
Sense Organs. Retrieved from

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